106 5 Quality has roots Pepper cloves Ceylon cinnamon cinnamon sticks and nutmegs A characteristic feature of the rural exo dus in the 1950s in Germany was people being replaced by machines Productivity increased Can you also feel this effect in Sri Lanka Given that Sri Lanka s shrinking rural population is assuming more and more responsibility for feeding the growing city population increased productivity in agriculture represents an essential step on the path towards sustainability How is an increased productivity achieved Rice is the most widespread field crop in Sri Lanka In the beginning only rice was farmed by machine As far as productivity is concerned this led to remarkable progress in rice farming The mechanisation of rice farming gives rise to more modern improved farming systems which in turn results in a transition in agriculture in Sri Lanka as a whole Are there enough young farmers in Sri Lanka who are driving this change The younger generation is keeping clear of farming which is leading to significant gaps in the labour force Mechanisation has a big part to play here in getting young people excited about farming How is organic farming developing in Sri Lanka Starting in the 1980s and up until the recent past it was only the private sector and NGOs which were actively involved in developing organic farming in Sri Lanka Now A pot of tea with Dr Sarath Ranaweera Lebensbaum farming partner from Sri Lanka first spice producer in the world to hold a Fair Trade Certificate and founder of the Small Organic Farmers Association the government is also taking very positive decisions in favour of this development What exactly is going on The Sri Lankan government has decided to cut back on the use of toxic agrochemicals It has launched a national three year programme The programme is called A Wholesome Agriculture A Healthy Populace A Toxin Free Nation It was started with the intention of avoiding highly toxic agrochemicals and aims to contribute towards moving the country towards achiev ing a sustainable agriculture which adapts itself to climate change Is the programme subsidised Yes Subsidies are no longer just reserved for farmers who use chemical fertilisers In addition organic farmers receive a price guarantee for toxin free traditional seeds in order to promote organic farming in the country What is chiefly produced organically in Sri Lanka Tea coconuts cinnamon pepper and pineapple What is the biggest challenge facing organic farming in Sri Lanka Many farmers are very reluctant when it comes to moving over to organic farming What the country needs is a culture of innovation I m talking about best practice examples which show how people can increase productivity and quality so that more farmers especially younger ones are motivated to make the switch

Vorschau Sustainability Report 2016 Seite 112
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