214 10 Glossary 4C Common Code for the Coffee Community Minimum standards for working conditions and environmental protection devised by the 4C Association a nonprofit organisation founded in 2006 and based in Geneva Switzerland Additives Used to technologically trans form food e g to preserve products for longer enhance flavour or make a product easier to spread amfori BSCI Business Social Compliance Initiative started by amfori formerly the Foreign Trade Association in 2003 to improve working conditions in factories and on agricultural oper ations in risk countries amfori BSCI annually publishes a Country Risk Classification list AöL Assoziation ökologischer Lebensmittelher steller Association of Organic Food Processors promotes the sustainable production of food that meets ecological and human requirements Batch Group of products made under identical production conditions B A U M Bundesdeutscher Arbeitskreis für Umweltbewusstes Management e V German Environmental Management Association the largest business sector environmental initiative in Europe Promotes sustainable business practices in communities organisations and companies Biodiversity Also called biological diversity Designates the diversity of different habitats as well as the diversity of the species and sub species that live in them Bioland German organic agriculture asso ciation www bioland de BLL Bund für Lebensmittelrecht und Lebens mittelkunde German Federation of Food Law and Food Science registered association and the leading association of the German food sector Based in Berlin renamed Lebensmittelverband Deutschland Food Federation Germany in 2019 BNN Bundesverband Naturkost Naturwaren e V Association of Organic Processors Whole salers and Retailers represents the interests of the organic sector at the political and economic levels www n bnn de en BÖLW Bund Ökologische Lebensmittel wirtschaft German Association of Organic Farmers Food Processors and Traders network that seeks to continuously improve conditions for the organic food sector Bremer Umweltpreis Nordwest Environ mental award conferred in the metropolitan region of Bremen Oldenburg Germany honou ring sustainable companies in several prize categories BSCI Business Social Compliance Initiative renamed amfori BSCI in 2018 Bulk density Space required for a prescribed mass of material in our case the product Uniform bulk density is important to achieve e g so that a certain weight of loose tea can always be packed in the same sized bag Closed loop system What organic farmers seek to establish A farm that circulates resources in a closed loop becomes a virtually self contained system e g Natural fertiliser needn t be purchased because it is produced by the farm s own cattle CO 2 equivalents CO 2 e Standard unit of measurement to compare and capture the effects of different greenhouse gases see p 135 Cradle to Cradle C2C philosophy and system of design for a regenerative circular economy Founded by Michael Braungart and William McDonough Cradle to Cradle e V German association founded in 2012 to spread the Cradle to Cradle philosophy Crew Resource Management Manda tory annual training for pilots with the aim of increasing airline safety through continual learning CSR Corporate Social Responsibility a company s social obligation to contribute towards sustainable development Defra Department for Environment Food Rural Affairs in the United Kingdom DEG Deutsche Investitions und Entwicklungs gesellschaft German Investment and Develop ment Company subsidiary of the KfW Banken gruppe KfW Banking Group based in Cologne Germany The DEG s mission is to promote the structural transformation of the private sector in developing and emerging countries in order to further sustainable economic growth and permanently improve local living conditions Demeter Association for biodynamic agriculture see p 93 www demeter net Deutsche Lebensmittelkommission German Food Commission full name Deutsche Lebensmittelbuch Kommission German Food Code Commission Independent committee convened by the German Federal Ministry for Consumer Protection Food and Agricul ture but not bound by its instructions Develops guidelines in which the composition etc of individual food products is described and gives recommendations for the correct declaration of such information on labels Deutscher Kaffeeverband e V German Coffee Association represents the interests of the German coffee sector from traders to roasters based in Hamburg Germany Preceded by an association founded in 1886 Glossary

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